Biography of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda Biography: In this article, we will know all about swami Vivekananda like born, early life, education, missions, and their inspirations. Hello Friends, Welcome back to all of you in our blog Starchand once again.
It was in the year 1881 when a professor asked a student that this earth, this universe, and the whole sky, was created by God? So the student replied yes. The professor asked again, who made the devil again? Has God made Satan also?
The student did not respond, but the student asked for permission to ask the professor a question. When the professor gave permission, the student asked if there is any existence of cold, then the professor replied yes, why you do not feel cold? The student replied, Sorry Sir, your answer is wrong, there is no existence of cold. Only cold is realized only and only the absence of heat or heat. The cold itself has no existence.
The student asked a question again, is there any existence of darkness or darkness? So the professor said again that yes it is only darkness at night. The student then replied that you are wrong again sir. Nothing like darkness has any existence of its own. Darkness is the absence of light. We always read about light and heat, not about cold or darkness.
In the same way, Satan also has no existence. In reality, Satan realizes the absence of love, faith, and faith in God. Satan himself has no existence.
He was none other than Swami Vivekananda. So that’s why today in this post we are going to tell about the biography of Swami Vivekananda, who recognizes Indian culture globally.
✫ Biography of Swami Vivekananda
➤ Swami Vivekananda’s Early Life
Swami Vivekananda’s full name was Narendra Nath Vishwanath Dutt. He was born in an aristocratic liberal family in Kolkata, West Bengal. He had nine siblings and his father Vishwanath Dutt was the Attorney General in the Kolkata High Court who used to advocate. Vivekananda’s mother Bhuvaneshwari Devi was a woman with simple and religious views.
Swami Vivekananda’s grandfather, Durgadatta, was a Sanskrit and Persian scholar, who had renounced his family and home at the age of 25, and accepted sanyasi life.
Narendra was a child of mischievous and acumen since childhood. His parents had a lot of trouble handling and explaining them at times. As a child, he was fond of listening to Vedas, Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Vedanta from his mother. He had a special interest in yoga and wrestling.
➤ Education of Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda became the first student to get the first division in the entrance exam of Presidency College in 1879. He studied Western logic, life, and European history at the General Assembly Institute. In 1881 he passed the examination of fine art and in 1884 completed his bachelor’s degree.
Narendra had studied the work of great scientists and southern scribes such as David Hume, Emmanuel Kent, and Charles Darwin. Swami Vivekananda was influenced by Herbert Spencer’s development theory and wanted to be like him.
He has defined Spencer’s book in Bengali. William Hastie, president of the General Assembly Society, wrote that Narendra is really clever, I went on many journeys far but I and all the students of the German University Philosophy could never go beyond Narendra’s mind and skill.
➤ Ramakrishna Paramahamsa
His father Vishwanath Dutt, who believed in Western culture, wanted to paint his son in Western culture by giving him English education, but destiny had something else. Narendra’s father died suddenly in 1884 and the family went bankrupt. The moneylender was demanding the return of the given loan and his relatives also removed their rights from their ancestor’s home.
In this time of trouble, Narendra started looking for some work and the question of the existence of God stood before him, where he was comforted near Ramakrishna Paramahamsa and made up his mind to go to Dakshineswar.
Ramakrishna had throat cancer in 1885, then Narendra and his other companions served him in the last days of Ramakrishna. Ramakrishna in his last days taught him that serving man is the greatest worship of God. He asked Narendra to take care of his monasteries and appointed his successor. Ramakrishna Paramahamsa died in 1886.
➤ Foreign Trip of Swami Vivekananda
In 1893, the World Religion Council was organized in Chicago, USA, where Swami Vivekananda gave a historical speech. As soon as Vivekananda’s initial address was called “My Sisters and Brothers of America”, 6000 scholars of the world present there applauded continuously for about 2 minutes.
The following day all the newspapers declared that Vivekananda’s speech was the most successful speech. After which the whole of America came to know Vivekananda and Indian culture. No Hindu had exercised such influence on America before.
Vivekananda stayed in America for 2 years, during these 2 years he spread the message of world brotherhood of Hinduism to the people there. After America, Swami Vivekananda went to England where Margaret Nobel became his follower, which later became famous as Sister Nivedita.
➤ Ramakrishna Mission
In 1897, he founded the Ramakrishna Mission. “All the religions of the world are true and there are different paths to the same destination” This was the teaching of the Ramakrishna Mission.
➤ Death & Inspiration from Swami Vivekananda’s Life
On 4 July 1910, Swami Vivekananda sacrificed his life by taking Mahasamadhi, which he had already predicted that he would not live beyond 40 years. Before his death, Swami Vivekananda traveled all over India on foot and lived a monk life.
If Vivekananda had wanted, he could have spent his entire life in a city of America, Europe or London with comfort, but in his autobiography, he has said that “I’m a monk, O India, despite all your weaknesses too, I like you very much”
● Swami Vivekananda’s birthday, January 12, is celebrated as National Youth Day across India.
Influenced by the life of Swami Vivekananda, many great personalities adopted the lifestyle of Vivekananda and lived like a monk. A man who broke all the worldly pleasures and shackles and freed himself from the bond that had the same love, his country “wake up and don’t stop until the goal is achieved”
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