What is Operating System? Functions of Operating System
What is Operating System: In this article, we will know all about OS like What is OS and what is the functions of operating system? etc.
Hello Friends, welcome back to all of you in our blog Starchand once again. So friends, today we are going to know about a topic that has caused a huge revolution in the field of computers.
If it stops working, then whatever computer system is completely useless. Yes, in this article we are going to know what is operating system? and what are the functions of operating system?
As we know that a human has a heart, so does a computer. And in the language of technology, the operating system of the computer is called OS.
If the OS stops working, then all our technology today is useless and whenever you use a mobile or computer then you always keep saying Android, Windows, Mac, IOS, Linux, etc. All these operating systems’ names are.
Sometimes Android KitKat, sometimes Android Oreo or if you talk about Windows, then there are Windows Ten Windows Seven Windows at Windows XP, etc. Likewise, they are also in Mac OS.
By the way, everyone has a little knowledge about all these things, but no one knows that the heart of this computer means what is the work of this OS? Where are they used? And what are their main functions of operating system?
If you want to know more about him then you have to read this article completely. So, without delay, now we know all about OS, and first of all, we will know what is operating system?
✫ What is Operating System?
The operating system is also called system software and it is also called OS by short name, even it is also called the heart of the computer.
An operating system is system software that acts as an interface between the user and computer hardware. We understand this directly.
Whenever we run the computer, then this OS makes us a way to use the computer as you listen to the song, double click on the top of the word document, open three windows and sit down, keep typing something in the keyboard and save some files in the computer, then you can never do all this without an OS.
So OS is software that lets you run your computer. That is why whenever you buy a new computer, you first install Windows 8 or Windows 10 in it and after that, you bring the computer to your home, then to say that without an operating system you cannot even run your computer.
By the way, there is a question as to why it is called system software?
If you want to run applications or software on the computer, then without that OS can never run. This OS helps in using computer hardware well.
The operating system mainly does the same thing as taking some input from the keyboard, processing the instruction, and sending the output to the computer screen, then you see this OS only when you turn on the computer and when the computer you close.
A lot of software such as games, MS Word, Adobe Reader, VLC media player, Photoshop live inside the computer, to run these we need a program or big software which we call OS.
The name of the OS used in mobile is Android, which everyone knows about, and in easy language, we can call the operating system a bunch of software.
So, friends, after reading the above paragraph, we should have known what is operating system? and friends now we will know what is functions of Operating System?
✫ The function of Operating System
By the way, the computer does a lot of work. But first when you turn on the computer, then the operating system is first loaded in main memory ie RAM.
After that, it locates all the hardware that the user software needs. So different functions of OS have been given, let’s know about them in detail.
“Memory management, processor management (process schedule), device management, file management, security, looking at system performance, reporting errors, creating synergy between software and users”, so let’s now know step by step about all these tasks.
➤ Memory management
Memory management means managing primary and secondary memory. Main memory means RAM is a very large byte. Meaning there are many small slots in memory where we can put some data where each slot has an address.
Main memory is the fastest running memory, which is used directly by the CPU because all the programs the CPU runs are in the main memory, so the operating system does all this.
And now we will know which part of the main memory will be used and which will not be, how much will be, and how much will not be used.
In multiprocessing, the OS designates which memory will be given to which process and how much will be given. When the process memory asks, it gives her memory to OS.
This means that the process means a task or a small task that is inside the computer, the OS takes back its memory when the process finishes its work.
➤ Processor Management (Process Scheduling)
When it comes to the multiprogramming environment, the OS designates which process will get the processor? and which will not be available & for how long? This process is called process scheduling.
Yes, friends, the operating system makes all this work. The operating system also checks whether the processor is empty or something is working or free and whether the process has finished its work.
If you want, you can also go to the task manager to see how many things are going on and how many are not running.
The name of the program that does all this work is the traffic controller and the CPU allocates the process of all our software. When one process finishes, it puts the processor in another work and frees the processor if nothing is done.
➤ Device Management
You will know that the driver is used in your computer such as sound driver, Bluetooth driver, graphics driver, wifi driver.
But they help to run different input or output devices and these drivers are run by the OS. The OS tracks all computers and the program that performs this task is called I/O Controller.
Just as different processes need devices to do some tasks, the device also performs the task of allocation and can take an example of this.
One process has to do some tasks like video play, print out, then both these tasks output devices monitor printers.
With the help of, then when the OS has to deliver the process to both these devices, the OS does the work, then when the process is finished, then it will return to the device. Becomes obvious.
➤ File Management
A lot of directories are stored in a file because we can easily find the data from it, so let’s know what is the operating system does in file management?
The operating system collects information, location, and status through file management. It looks at all the file systems such as who will get the resource and what is the resource de-locating.
When you turn on your computer, it asks you the password. This means that the OS prevents your system from unauthenticated access.
This keeps your computer secure and you cannot open some programs without a password.
➤ Viewing System Performance
Seeing system performance means that the operating system also monitors the performance of the computer and improves the system and also records how long the OS takes to deliver a service.
➤ Tell Errores
Talking about errors, if there are a lot of errors coming in the system, then the operating system detects and tells them and yes recovers.
➤ Creating Synergy between Software and User
And if you go a little further, the operating system also creates a synergy between the software and the user. This means that the compiler assigns tasks to the interpreter and assembler.
Connects different software to the user so that the user can use the software well such as providing communication between the user and the system and store it in the operating system bias.
Everyone else also makes the application user-friendly.
➤ Characteristics of Operating System
So the first thing is that an operating system is a collection of many programs, which runs a lot of programs. It controls all input or output devices and the operating system is responsible for running all the application software of the computer.
Process scheduling also means process locating and de locating the operating system. The OS also tells us about the errors and threats happening in the system. It also establishes a very good synergy between the user and computer programs.
So friends, after reading this article we have known that what is OS? and as well as we have known about the Functions of Operating System.
So, friends, we hope that this article will prove very effective in your life. It has always been our endeavor that through our articles you get complete information on the given topic so that, you do not have to go anywhere else.
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